So, I get the air compressor fixed, run a line of molding and the brad nailer dies. I'm beginning to think that this little project is cursed.
(<b> The history of racism part two</b>
I should first make a note here that this about the <I>functional</i> history of racsim i.e. why people created and employed the various arguments/rationalizations about racism in the first place.
Now the origins of the concept of race did not mean a sense of equality. Quite the opposite. The nobles were the elders, everyone else the children is the big family.
By the mid-16th century in the Anglo Dutch world the evolution of the Corporation from a form of town governance to a means funding and organizing large scale projects like building dykes and canals or creating long range trading ships, have trigger a dramatic rise in the need for meritocracy. It turned out that is was increasingly more important that the guy navigating the ship or building the dyke knew what he was doing instead of being of the correct lineage.
Artillery became important on the battlefield around this time as well and artillerist also had to be extremely technically competent.
All together this created a class of highly productive and very necessary people all from the wrong classes/lineages. These vital individuals began to agitate for a society of political equals with merit advancement for everyone. This was usually couched in terms of the innate concept of Christian equality. If all men are equal before God, why not the State?
The problem was that has western world grew and became more diverse, the drive for political equality threatened to disrupt the "large family" metaphor of racism. If everyone was equal then and everyone could advance on merit, then someone from Africa or China had as much right to a job or government position as anyone for any Europe nation.
They solved this problem with the creation of modern racism that held that entire groups of people were essentially a different sort of critter and didn't count towards political equality. In some rationalization, people of color where depicted as being akin to domestic animals. You might care about them and for them but they weren't your equals.
The trouble was that the as technology increased in complexity and scale and world trade grew, so did the need fore more and more meritocracy. It's no accident that the anti-slavery movement began with the entrepreneurial classes. The merchant Quakers of Pennsylvania were the first people and the first jurisdiction in the world to outlaw slavery for everyone. The rest of the merit driven American north soon followed. In England, the rising new class of industrialist soon followed suit.
It's no accident that slavery persisted in the pre-industrial American south. The deep south was not a meritocratic society. It was all about your lineage.
After the Civil War and the rise of the steamship. Poor whites all over America began to face economic competition from people of color. In the south it was the south and north it was freed blacks, in the west it was immigration from Asia. Fortunately for them, the theory of evolution had arrived and it seemed to provide a perfect rational for privileging lower class whites over everyone else.
And that is when the Democrats went seriously nutjob racist everywhere.
to be continued.