i agree with most of the things you said but not entirely. when you said that immigrants come with a "LASER end focus in mind" i understand what you mean but it also raises a question from me. Where do you think that laser end focus comes from? I would argue that it stems from the belief that you can achieve. however, i believe what the article is arguing (maybe more implicitly than anything) is that living in this country for a long period of time significantly lowers the probability of having that mindset because most of the things around you tell you that you cant do it. i see that the rest of the argument is based on the fact that its not like in America both African immigrants and "native blacks" arent seen as black (and im glad you brought up Amadou Diallou, rest in peace) but i think you are ignoring the impact of family. that impact being that the family of an african immigrant also has not had to deal with institutionalized racism/prejudice and negative stereotypes for generations on generations. therefore they are able to instill in their children the idea that they can do anything and thus cultivate that "laser end focus" that you talk about. whereas theres a much lower chance of that happening in a family that has for generations lived in a society that has bombarded them with images and experiences of inferiority. anyways i think its crucially important that in this dialogue we dont pit Africans and African Americans because i think that in this country our power will come from each other when we realize our commonality and stop seeing each other as 100% different and unreconciliable. Speaking from the perspective of the son of Nigerian immigrants currently at somewhat of a west coast ivy league lol.