Great question. Teacher preparation is a daunting task. I have seen this in my preparation, teaching intermediate and middle school students, at the U.S. Department of Ed, and now in higher education. There are no easy answers - that is why the conversations have to occur and continue occurring - why the CTQ Collaboratory is so valuable. I am at a small, liberal arts teacher preparation program because we prepare smart, thoughtful, problem solvers for classrooms and students by developing deep content knowledge, theoretical knowledge, and practical experiences that require application of that pedagogical content knowledge. We do not do things perfectly and have a great deal we can improve, but most of those areas for improvement are identified by conversations and experiences that occur with our teachers and the teachers and administrators with whom they work. I love these conversations - even if we cannot change everything all at once. Ultimately, I do what I do because I believe a great teacher is unbelievably powerful - even in a system that is broken in many ways.